Another you'll be able to source try religiens "mindful," opposite off negligens

Another you'll be able to source try religiens "mindful," opposite off negligens

c. 1200, religioun , "county regarding lifetime limited by monastic vows," in addition to "action or carry out proving a belief within the a great divine power and you will reverence for and wish to delight they," out of Anglo-French religiun (11c.), Old French faith , relegion "piety, devotion; spiritual neighborhood," and you may directly from Latin religionem (nominative religio ) "respect for just what was sacred, reverence to your gods; conscientiousness, feeling of correct, ethical obligations; concern about the latest gods; divine service, spiritual observance; a faith, a faith, a method out of worship, cult; sanctity, holiness," within the Late Latin "monastic life" (5c.).

Which noun regarding step is derived by the Cicero regarding relegere "proceed through once again" (from inside the learning or in consider), out-of re- "again" (come across re-) + legere "read" (discover lecture (n.)). But not, well-known etymology one of the later on ancients (Servius, Lactantius, Augustine) additionally the interpretation of a lot progressive publishers connects it with religare "to help you join fast" (select depend), through the thought of "lay a duty with the," otherwise "bond anywhere between people and you can gods." In that case, brand new re also- could well be intense.

From inside the English, this is "brand of program out-of trust about worship of a beneficial divine getting otherwise beings" is through c. 1300; the sense of "recognition out of and you can allegiance in the manner of lifestyle (regarded as justly due) to another location, unseen fuel otherwise vitality" is actually regarding 1530s.

Records connecting so you're able to Religion

word-creating ability definition "right back, back out-of, back to the first place;" and additionally "once more, anew, once more," also promoting the notion of "undoing" otherwise "backwards," an such like. (look for feel development lower than), c. 1200, out-of Dated French re- and you may directly from Latin lso are- an indivisible prefix meaning "again; back; anew, against."

Watkins (2000) relates to which since the a beneficial "Latin consolidating means conceivably out-of Indo-Western european *wret- , metathetical variant out of *wert- "to show." De- Vaan says brand new "simply acceptable etymology" for it is actually an excellent 2004 explanation and this reconstructs a root into the Pie *ure "back."

In the very first Latin the brand new prefix became purple- prior to vowels and you will h- , a form kept in the redact, redeem, redolent, redundant, redintegrate , and you may, during the disguise, bring (v.). In some English terminology off French and you may Italian re also- looks like ra- and also the pursuing the consonant can be doubled (get a hold of rally (v.1)).

Many significance in the idea of "back" render re also- the broad sense-range: "a rotating right back; opposition; repairs to a former county; "transition so you can an other county." From the expanded sensory faculties in "once again," re- becomes "repetition out-of an action," along with it sense it is very popular while the an excellent formative aspect in English, relevant to any verb. OED writes it is "impractical to test a whole number of all forms ensuing from its have fun with," and you can contributes you to "What number of these is virtually unlimited . "

Tend to only rigorous, along with a number of the more mature borrowings from French and you can Latin the specific feeling of re also- are shed, shed during the secondary sensory faculties, otherwise weak past identification, therefore it has no noticeable semantic blogs (receive, recommend, get well, eradicate, replicate, recommend, faith, are nevertheless, request, require). Here appear to have already been a great deal more including terms within the Middle English than simply shortly after, elizabeth.g. recomfort (v.) "to help you comfort, console; encourage;" recourse (letter.) "a process, way, course." Get well into the Middle English and additionally you will definitely mean "obtain, win" (glee, an empire, an such like.) no idea of taking one thing straight back, and additionally "get the top give, overcome; arrived at;" also consider the new legal feeling of healing while the "get (property) from the wisdom otherwise legal procedures."

And you may, on account of sound changes and feature changes, re- either totally manages to lose the term as an excellent prefix (push back, relic, remnant, restive, other individuals (n.2) "sleep," rally (v.1) "bring together"). In certain apex seznamka terms and conditions it is reduced to roentgen-, as with ransom (good doublet out-of redemption), rampart, etc.

It actually was utilized out-of Center English in developing terms and conditions away from Germanic and additionally Latin points (rebuild, fill-up, reset, rewrite), and was applied so inside Dated French (be sorry for, regard, award, etcetera.).

c. 1300, "created performs, literature;" late 14c., "training out-of instructions," away from Medieval Latin lectura "a training," off Latin lectus , earlier participle from legere "to see," to begin with "to gather, assemble, select, choose" (contrast choose), out-of Cake means *leg- (1) "to gather, assemble," that have types definition "to speak (to help you 'pick away words')." For this reason to see try, perhaps, etymologically, in order to "choose terms and conditions."

Religion (letter.)

The feeling off "an understanding out loud, step from discovering out loud" (in both divine worship or to pupils) into the English emerged very early 15c. That "a discourse on the confirmed subject prior to an audience for aim of knowledge" try off 1530s. Definition "admonitory message given with a perspective so you're able to reproof otherwise correction" is actually off c. 1600. Lecture-space is actually of 1793; lecture-hallway from 1832. In Greek what nevertheless met with the double sensory faculties according to "to speak" and you will "to collect" ( apologos "a story, tale, fable;" elaiologos "an olive gatherer").